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Biomass

Food and Fuel from Any Plant

Written by , on April 20, 2013

Researchers at Virginia Tech, led by Associate Professor Percival Zhang, have developed a process by which approximately 30% of the cellulose from any plant material (including agricultural waste) can be converted into a starch known as amylose. Amylose can be used in food or as biodegradable packaging. Cellulose and starch have the same chemical composiition […]  Read more »

Low-cost Hydrogen from Any Biomass

Written by , on April 19, 2013

Researchers at Virginia Tech have discovered a way to extract large quantities of hydrogen from any plant, a breakthrough that has the potential to be a low-cost, environmentally friendly fuel source. Associate Proffessor Y.H. Percival Zhang and his team have succeeded in using xylose, the most abundant simple plant sugar, to produce a large quantity […]  Read more »

Carbon Neutral High-speed Train – Powered by Steam

Written by , on June 14, 2012

Engineers from the Coalition for Sustainable Rail, are working on what they believe will be the world’s first carbon-neutral high-speed locomotive – and it is to be powered by steam. The engineers are adapting Locomotive 3463, built in 1937 and donated to the project by the Great Overland Station Museum in Topeka, Kansas, to create “the […]  Read more »

Turning Offshore Wind Farms into Real Farms

Written by , on March 20, 2012

A Dutch company, Ecofys, is investigating the possibilities of integrating seaweed cultivation into offshore wind farms.  The project is financed by the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation, Ecofys and several partners are creating a test module for seaweed cultivation in an offshore environment. The test module consists of nets a few metres […]  Read more »

Liquid Air Used to Store the Wind’s Energy

Written by , on February 15, 2012

A British company,Highview Power Storage has developed what it claims is a way of storing surplus wind energy which can then be released during periods of calm. The energy storage system uses liquid air as the storage medium. Liquid air is hundreds of times more energy dense than water and can easily be stored in […]  Read more »

Camp/Third-World Stove Also Provides Electricity

Written by , on February 9, 2012

Biolite has developed a portable camp stove that uses the heat from the fire to also generate electricity for charging batteries. The company has another model under development designed to provide electricity, as well as a clean-burning cooking stove, for developing countries.  Read more »

Study: Huge Potential in Storing CO2 from Biomass Power

Written by , on August 18, 2011

A study commissioned by the International Energy Agency has concluded that combining energy production from biomass with carbon capture and storage has the potential to reduce annual CO2 emissions by almost a third. According to Joris Koornneef from Ecofys, who conducted the study, "The combination actually removes CO2 from the atmosphere, The biomass extracts CO2 […]  Read more »

Genetic Discovery Could Make Growing Biomass More Productive

Written by , on May 17, 2011

Researchers at the Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation in Oklahoma have reported a genetic discovery that allows individual plants to produce more biomass. This means that biofuel crops could have higher yields without increasing their agricultural footprint. Dr Huanzhong Wang has discovered a gene that controls the production of lignin within the stems of arabidopsis and […]  Read more »

Hydrogen from Cellulosic Biomass

Written by , on May 2, 2011

Researchers at Virginia Tech, Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Georgia have produced hydrogen gas pure enough to power a fuel cell from cellulosic materials (from wood chips) using a mixture of 14 enzymes, one coenzyme and water heated to about 32°C. Jonathan Mielenz, leader of the Bioconversion Science and Technology Group at […]  Read more »

Floating Islands Clean Waterways

Written by , on March 12, 2011

In 2000, Bruce Kania’s black dog, Rufus, jumped into a pond and came out red. Concerned for his dog and wondering what was going on, Bruce also saw a tremendous opportunity for invention, if he could develop a new and natural stewardship tool which could clean water and, in the process, improve life for all […]  Read more »